Red Tailed Hawk

Description: The plumage is extremely variable, but generally it is brownish with dark bands and a cream colored breast. The adult has a rufous-colored tail that may or may not have a black terminal bar. Immature Red-tailed Hawks have gray-brown tails with horizontal dark bands. The Red-tail molts during its second year.
Geographic RangeNative of North America, south to the mountains of western Panama: Bahamas and West Indies, east to St. Kitts and the Virgin Islands, north to Alaska.
Status: Protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. This is the most wide-spread of all the hawks in the United States.
Length19 – 25 inches in height with a wingspan of 48 – 58 inches.
Weight2.5 to 3.8 pounds.
HabitatRed-tailed Hawks feed in open country (open fields, open woodlands from forest to desert.) They often perch on poles, power lines and treetops.
Typical Diet: Rodents, small mammals, reptiles, amphibians, some poultry and game birds, some carrion.
Similar SpeciesRed-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)
Special Notes:
-The Red-tailed Hawk is among the most common and best known of North America’s hawks.
-Often the victim of vehicular collisions, shootings, and an occasional steel-jaw trap.
-The Red-tailed Hawks most dangerous nemesis is the Great Horned Owl.